Clinical and Economic Research

3M Health Information Systems


Population Health

3M Commentary

Care That’s Fair – Reducing racial disparities in health care

During this period of renewed reflection concerning inequality in America, we must admit that our health care system continues to…

3M Commentary

COVID-19, care homes and infection management: It’s time for outcomes measures

By Richard Fuller, MS

In a prior blog, we highlighted the results of our research into patient outcomes, potentially preventable admissions (PPAs) and emergency…


Maryland: Final Recommendation for the Hospital Acquired Conditions Program for Rate Year 2021

Published by the Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission, March 2019.  Maryland’s Quality programs must measure and reward better quality…

Journal Article

Will Hospital Peer Grouping by Patient Socioeconomic Status Fix the Medicare Hospital Readmission Reduction Program or Create New Problems?

With Richard Fuller, MS, Jack Hughes, MD, Norbert Goldfield, MD, Richard Averill, MS

Published by the Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, April 2018.  In 2016 the U.S. Congress directed…


Florida: Analysis of Potentially Preventable Healthcare Events of Medicaid Enrollees

Published by the State of Florida Agency for Health Care Administration This report uses data from July 2016 to June…


Hospice Care Research: An Analysis of End-of-Life Costs for Terminally Ill Medicare Fee-for-Service (FFS) Cancer Patients

Published by the Society of Actuaries, October 2018,  by William Bednar, Joshua Axene, Richard Liliedahl, MD Research report analyzing the…

3M Commentary

A national quality strategy relentlessly pursuing improvement of eight outcomes: Is now the time?

By Norbert Goldfield, MD, Richard Fuller, MS

Everyone, except for the measurement industry, seems to agree that we have too many metrics1 for measuring performance. An increasing…


Mississippi: Cost Effectiveness Study Report for Coordinated Access Network (MississippiCAN)

Published by the State of Mississippi Office of the Governor, Division of Medicaid by Myers and Stauffer, Certified Public Accountants…

Journal Article

Epidemiology of pediatric hospitalizations at general hospitals and freestanding children’s hospitals in the United States

Published in the Journal of Hospital Medicine by JoAnna K. Leyenaar, MD, MPH, MSc, Shawn L. Ralston, MD, MA, MS, …

Journal Article

Comparison of the Properties of Regression and Categorical Risk-Adjustment Models

With Richard Fuller, MS, Richard Averill, MS, John Muldoon, Jack Hughes, MD

Published in the Journal of Ambulatory Care Management by Richard L. Fuller, MS, Richard F. Averill, MS, John H. Muldoon,…

3M Commentary

Predictive models and population health – A clinical point of view (part two)

By Norbert Goldfield, MD

Predicting the behavior of human beings is hard – it is hard enough to figure out how to predict the…

3M Commentary

Predictive models and population health risk: Payment (part one)

By Richard Fuller, MS, Norbert Goldfield, MD

In this blog we take a look at risk-adjustment models used in population health. There are two related but distinct…