Clinical and Economic Research

3M Health Information Systems


Diagnosis Related Groups

Journal Article

Importance of coding co-morbidities for APR-DRG assignment: Focus on cardiovascular and respiratory diseases

Published by the Health Information Management Journal, May 2019, by Julio Souza, João Vasco Santos, MD, Veronica Bolon Canedo,…

Journal Article

IR-DRGs and CDI in the UAE

Published in the Journal of AHIMA, April 2019,  by Wilbur Lo, MD, CDIP, CCA.  Clinical documentation improvement (CDI) holds…


State Medicaid Payment Policies for Inpatient Hospital Services

Published by Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission This compendium documents how each state Medicaid program pays for inpatient…

Journal Article

Importance of the DRG system to achieve hospital efficiency

Published in Revista Médica Clínica Las Condes, May 2018,  by Mackarena Zapata.  The classification of patients through the DRG…

Journal Article

Validation of the All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group (APR-DRG) risk of mortality and severity of illness modifiers as a measure of perioperative risk

Published in the Journal of Medical Systems, March 2018,  by McCormick PJ, Lin HM, Deiner SG, Levin MA. The…

Journal Article

Abu Dhabi Healthcare System – Diagnosis Related Group Perspective

Published in the International Journal of Medical, Pharmacy and Drug Research, February 2018,  by Saeed Hussein, Dr. Immanuel Azaad…


Arkansas: DRG Conversion Plan

Published by Navigant Consulting, Inc. This report provides a Conversion Plan to the Arkansas Department of Human Services (DHS) for…

Journal Article

Evolution of the International Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (IR-DRGs) from Version 1.0 to Version 3.2

Published by AHIMA World Congress, September 2017,  by Marc Berlinguet, MD; Sue Boucher; and JulieAnne Perry. The IR DRGs…

3M Commentary

Innovative payment models for complex populations

By Richard Fuller, MS, Norbert Goldfield, MD

In developing our classification tools we are continually called upon to make judgement calls on the relative clinical complexity of…

3M Commentary

Leveling the playing field through site-neutral payment

By Richard Averill, MS, Richard Fuller, MS

Our recent article, “Implementing a Site-Neutral PPS,” published in the HFMA journal, highlights the potential for a reform…

3M Commentary

The Real Impact of DRGs: Meaningful Data that Changed Hospital Management

By Richard Averill, MS

A recent blog by François de Brantes, executive director of HCI3, titled “Letting the Facts Get in the Way